As the world today is evolving to use new technology everywhere on a daily basis, electric vehicles should be the means of transportation of the future. Some of the reasons for promoting electric vehicles are pollution, increasing demand for fuel, global warming and promotion of eco-friendly means of transport.
An electric vehicle is a vehicle that has electric engines and requires batteries and electricity, this is very important as it does not require any renewable energy source and is available in solar, hydro, biomass, thermal and wind can generate electricity
In view of rising pollution levels and global warming, it is imperative to switch to conventional energy sources. We have made maximum use of oil. Mother Earth was constantly being exploited. Now is the time to change the oil addiction.
Oil pollution is a major cause of exposure to toxic gases that are toxic to the flora and fauna of the environment. The emission of harmful gases in the environment can be prevented by using non-conventional energy sources like electricity in our vehicles.
According to experts, India is likely to be fully electric by 2030, which will require the development of infrastructure related to charging stations and service stations.
Charging electric vehicles only requires a plug-in charger and power supply. The use of more electric vehicles will reduce our dependence on other countries for fuel, which will directly boost our economy.
What is an electric vehicles?
The electric vehicle is a mode of transport that uses conventional fuels such as petrol, diesel and CNG as an alternative energy fuel. These vehicles can be powered by off-vehicle sources or a collector system that converts fuel into electricity using batteries, solar panels, fuel cells or an electric generator. Electric bikes, electric cars and electric rickshaws are some examples of electric vehicles. Most trains around the world, including the metro, already run on electricity.
Need of Electric Vehicles
The following factors create an urgent need for the use of electric vehicles:
- No gas required and no pollution
- Simple and easy driving experience
- To reduce the import of petrol and diesel
- To promote the use of renewable energy
- To reduce global warming
- low maintenance and money saving
Advantages of electric cars
Simple and easy driving experience
Petrol or diesel vehicles have dozens of rotating parts inside the engine. To generate electricity, they must be constantly moving and heating each other.
It makes a lot of noise and vibration. An electric vehicle does not have many moving parts. The only moving part is the electric motor to rotate the wheel. It provides a noiseless and vibration-free driving experience.
Electricity is cheaper than petrol.
Americans pay an average of 15 cents per mile for gas-powered cars, which doesn’t really sound like a lot—unless you compare it to the fact that many EVs, especially Teslas, offer one-half of that cost. Let’s run on thirds, given that electricity is significantly less expensive than gasoline. And since you’ll most likely be charging your electric car in your garage most of the time, installing solar panels on your home can save you even more money on powering both your dwelling and your EV.
No petrol or gas required and no pollution
In fuel-based vehicles, we spend a lot of money on petrol or diesel, but with electric vehicles, these costs can be avoided.
In a petrol or diesel-powered vehicle, burning fuel inside the engine generates electricity, which emits many harmful gases such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide.
Electric vehicles, on the other hand, run entirely on electric batteries, which convert electricity to the wheels. Hence, they cause zero pollution.
you will get tax credit
If you’re a real owner of an electric vehicle, you can get a tax credit to help reduce your impact on the environment by driving a zero-emissions car. Depending on the manufacturer and model, that tax credit could be higher. In the case of EV tax credit, there is an unexpected, fine print
Maintenance is less and less expensive.
Since electric cars are electric, they do not run on oil, so no oil changes (or any other repairs related to combustion engines) are required. Another twist? The brakes on an EV don’t wear out as quickly as on a normal car, which means you can save more.
How long is the battery life of an electric car?
Under normal driving conditions, EV batteries can last up to 10 years to be replaced. That’s a lot longer than most people owning a new car. So if you don’t buy a used vehicle, you don’t have to worry about how long the electric car battery will last.
Disadvantages of electric cars
Finding a charging station can be challenging
Even though you can charge an electric vehicle at home, finding a charging station can be a challenge if you’re driving through the countryside or on a long-distance road trip. As mentioned above, more areas are adopting EV charging stations and many hotel chains have started to incorporate EV chargers into their parking lots. This trend will continue as the demand for charging stations increases.
It may take some time to charge
Refuelling a fuel tank takes no more than five minutes, while recharging an electric car takes less time, especially when the battery is completely depleted.
Depending on the type of car and the size of the battery, it can take more than 8 hours for the battery pack to be fully charged using a standard outlet. Even the fastest charging stations take 30 minutes to reach 80 percent capacity.
Driving range is limited
The driving range of an oil-powered car is much longer than that of an electric car, which can vary from 100 to 400 miles depending on the type of car.
This can be a problem if you are planning a long trip, but if your car is charged at night it is good for everyday trips.
Electric car so expensive
The core price of an electric car or any other electric vehicle depends on the battery pack. Most electric vehicles use lithium-ion cell technology, which is not currently manufactured in India, and each manufacturer must import them. Also, the cooling system of the battery pack can be quite expensive. The infrastructure required for an electric vehicle is not fully developed in India. In addition, the market is limited, so mass production does not take place, which is a major factor in increasing costs.